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Helpful information for employees


  • Don’t worry – you may be entitled to claim redundancy pay, unpaid wages and more.
  • If your employer is ‘insolvent’ this means it can’t pay its debts.

You have rights if this happens and can make a claim for money you’re owed.

Types of insolvency:

  • Administration – where your employer asks an ‘administrator’ to come in to try to keep the company going
  • Liquidation – when a company is closed and its assets are sold to pay the people it owes money to (creditors)
  • Receivership – it’s like liquidation, but it’s usually arranged by a single creditor that’s lent money securely (eg a bank), and the assets are sold to pay just that creditor
  • Voluntary Arrangement with creditors

If your employer is an individual, insolvency is called either:

  • Bankruptcy (‘sequestration’ in Scotland)
  • Voluntary Arrangement with creditors (‘deed of trust’ in Scotland)

The person who deals with the insolvency is called the Insolvency Practitioner.

Your rights

If you’re owed money, you can claim for it through the Redundancy Payments Service.

If your claim is higher than the maximum allowances (see below), then a claim can be made to the Insolvency Practitioner for the additional amount.

Redundancy is a form of dismissal from your job – it happens when employers need to reduce their workforce for various reasons, including insolvency.

Please be aware that you may be eligible for certain rights, including:

  • Redundancy pay
  • Notice period
  • Time off to find a new job
  • Redundancy Pay

You’ll normally be entitled to statutory redundancy pay if you’re an employee and you’ve been working for your current employer for 2 years or more.

You’ll get:

  • Half a week’s pay for each full year you were under 22
  • One week’s pay for each full year you were 22 or older, but under 41
  • One and a half week’s pay for each full year you were 41 or older

Length of service is limited to 20 years and the maximum weekly amount payable is £508 – this means that statutory redundancy pay is capped at £15,240. 

Notice Period

You must be given a notice period before your employment ends.

Statutory redundancy notice periods are:

  • at least one week’s notice if employed between one month and 2 years
  • one week’s notice for each year if employed between 2 and 12 years
  • 12 weeks’ notice if employed for 12 years or more

Check your contract of employment. Your employer may give you more than the statutory minimum but not a penny less.

As well as statutory redundancy pay, your employer should either:

  • pay you through your notice period
  • pay you in lieu of notice depending on your circumstances
    Payment in lieu of notice

Your employment can be ended without notice if ‘payment in lieu of notice’ is included in your contract. Your employer will pay you instead of giving you a notice period.

You get all of the basic pay you would have received during the notice period. You may get extras such as pension contributions or private health care insurance if they’re in your contract.

Your employer may still offer you payment in lieu of notice, even if your contract doesn’t mention it. If you accept, you should receive full pay and any extras that are in your contract.

Finding a New Job

Contact your local Jobcentre and ask for their Rapid Response Service:

  • If you suspect you’re going to be made redundant
  • During your notice period
  • Up to 13 weeks after you’ve been made redundant

They may also be able to pay for vocational training if no other funding is available – their job is to get you back into work quickly.

The process for claiming your entitlements, including redundancy pay, is via an online government service.

If you are made redundant, please visit www.gov.uk/claim-redundancy for more information.

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The Business Debt Advisor has the experience and knowledge to advise customers on the best solution for their debt problem, no matter how complex the current situation may be.
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Offering a wide range of formal and informal debt solutions. The Debt Advisor Ltd. is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Formal insolvencies are undertaken by a licensed insolvency practitioner..
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Client Story

Shirley and her husband were involved as partners in the purchase of a potential development with another couple. Unfortunately part way through the development the relationship between the 2 couples broke down and Shirley and her husband decided to exit the deal and hand over their share to the other party. This resulted in action taken against Shirley’s husband and he chose to petition for Bankruptcy. At the time no action was taken against Shirley. However, some years later the other party issued a writ against Shirley and entered into a Deed of compromise to repay of £57,000 the debt by monthly repayments. Shirley’s sought advice from The Business Debt Advisor team on Shirley’s behalf. Shirley’s health had been seriously effected by a bout of cancer and the stress of the debt was effecting her recovery. As Shirley and her husband lived in rented accommodation and had minimal assets, it was clear that bankruptcy was really the only sensible option. The Business Debt Advisor team helped Shirley pull together financial information on her assets which were minimal plus her debts and income and expenditure. We helped her complete her bankruptcy application online and her husband who was still working, helped out with the application fee of £680. Within days Shirley was bankrupt and her experience of dealing with the Official Receiver was very positive. They agreed with her that she would affordable pay income contributions of £210 per month for a 3 year period.